Author: Prisha Gupta
Author Affiliation: MPhil Scholar at the Department of English, Jamia Millia Islamia
Abstract: This paper aims at exploring the rights of the citizens and the violation of human rights at three levels. At the first level, the paper shall explore how rights are violated in a small village of Maharashtra, Thul, which
acts as the macroscopic platform whose situational realities are universal in nature and can be seen as a visible reality in almost all the villages of India. At this level, the villagers are seen as a functional whole and how
within that functional paradigm, elements of dis-functionalism creep up in absence of State authorities, leading to the violation of human rights of the villagers. The second level looks at the citizens or the villagers of Thul, and
how they are affected by the carelessness and negligence of the authorities as individual indices, leading to the deprivation of their rights as ensured by the government of India and other international organisations. This
section focuses on the deprivation of rights, specifically the right to work, right to education, and right to healthcare. At the third level, the paper aims to explore the ways where the State itself, in its supposed role as the enforcer and guardian of Human rights, deprives its common citizens of their private properties and resources with fake promises of development in the wake of globalisation, urbanity and the economic development of its people.
Keywords: Human Rights, Exploitation, Marginalisation, Globlisation, Poverty.